The American Buffalo is not a true buffalo. Their closest relatives are the European Bison and the Canadian Woods Bison, not the buffalo of Asia or Africa such as the Water Buffalo. Scientifically they are named Bison bison and they are the largest mammal in North America.
In the early 1900’s there were few buffalo left in North America due to extensive hunting by the settling of the west. Today it is estimated that there are more than 350,000 and can be found in every state in the US. The buffalo’s unique personality is what attracts us to the animal. Each one has a different behavior but all have the common denominator that they are WILD animals. While some will eat from your hand, in seconds that behavior can change dramatically if it feels threatened.
While they may appear slow and awkward, they can easily outrun a horse and breakthrough any corral or fence they choose to.
They mature around 7 years old and often live past 30 years old. A mature bull typically weighs between 1800 to 2400 pounds while a mature cow will average around 1100 pounds.
Generally, a heifer will breed when she is two years old and pregnancy is almost 9 months in duration.